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Ancient Greece City States
City States

Ancient Greece City-States for Kids

A Voyage through Time and Terrain


Embark on an enlightening journey into the world of Ancient Greece city-states for kids! This page will introduce you to the independent city-states, or ‘polis’, that played a significant role in shaping Greek culture and civilisation.


Introduction to Ancient Greece City-States for Kids

Ancient Greece was not a single, unified nation as we know countries today. Instead, it was made up of numerous self-governing city-states. Each city-state, or ‘polis’, consisted of a city and its surrounding countryside. These city-states had their own governments, laws, currencies and armies, and although they shared a common language and religion, each had its unique culture and identity. Let’s delve deeper into a few prominent city-states.

Athens: The Birthplace of Democracy

Athens, one of the most famous city-states, was renowned as the birthplace of democracy. This vibrant city-state was known for its significant contributions to art, philosophy, politics and education. The Athenians introduced the concept of democracy, where eligible citizens could participate directly in decision-making. Famous landmarks in Athens include the Acropolis, the Parthenon and the Theatre of Dionysus.

Sparta: The Military Powerhouse

Sparta, located in the region of Laconia, was known for its military strength and disciplined lifestyle. Unlike Athens, which valued democracy and culture, Sparta was a military oligarchy where life was centred around the training and development of excellent soldiers. The Spartan way of life was about simplicity, endurance and military skill.

Corinth: The Hub of Trade and Craftsmanship

Corinth, located near the Isthmus, a narrow strip of land connecting mainland Greece with the Peloponnese, was a bustling centre of trade and craftsmanship. The Corinthians were renowned for their wealth, their production of beautiful pottery, and for the famous Temple of Apollo.

The Delian League and the Peloponnesian League

The city-states of Ancient Greece sometimes formed alliances for mutual protection. Athens led the Delian League, a group of city-states that joined together to defend against Persian invasions. Sparta led the Peloponnesian League, formed primarily to counter the power of the Delian League. These alliances played a critical role in conflicts such as the Peloponnesian War.

Impact of Ancient Greece City-States on Society

The concept of city-states allowed for a variety of political systems and cultures to coexist in Ancient Greece, fostering a dynamic and diverse civilisation. The competition and interaction between these city-states led to remarkable developments in politics, philosophy, arts, warfare and sports, shaping the Western world as we know it today.

Exploring the city-states of Ancient Greece offers an intriguing insight into a past where each city was a mini-nation unto itself. We hope this page encourages you to learn more about the intricate dynamics of these city-states and their contribution to our present-day understanding of society and governance. Let’s continue this exciting journey through history!



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